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Michigan Traffic Violations 101


When it comes to Michigan traffic violations, a lot of drivers are often confused about which one applies to them. Here at Haque Legal, we do our best to make sure that our clients know about the laws and how they can initially handle them before we go. 

What is the general reference?

Generally, when it comes to Michigan laws, the general reference is Michigan Compiled Laws Annotated, Reprinted with permission from the National Highway Traffic Safety Administration.

The Michigan National Highway Traffic Safety Administration provides road safety rules and regulations that aim to provide guidance for motorists as well as for law enforcement.

What is the rule on speeding?

We have specific and general rules when it comes to speeding. 

The general rule is: A person shall operate a vehicle at a careful speed not greater than nor less than is reasonable and proper, having due regard to the traffic, surface, and width of the highway and of any other condition than existing. §257.627(1)

The speed limit is often set at 70 MPH on parts of freeways under a special speed study §257.628(5).

There are also posted maximum speed limits on areas such as the following:

  • Based on engineering and traffic investigations, State and local governments may establish maximum speed limits on highways under their jurisdiction. §258.628(1) 

No part in Michigan law specifically states different speeds. However, some parts of the State have different highway speed limits established either for different types of vehicles, for various weather conditions, or for different times of the day.

  • Local authorities may increase or decrease the 25 MPH speed limit in a school zone.1 §§257.627a(4) & 257.606(1)(k)

School zones are special zones that have a special kind of protection from the State. Make sure that you follow the limits set on school zones. If not, you will be facing a steeper penalty for its violation.

The prima facie speed limit in a school zone is in force (1) from not less than 30 minutes but not more than 1 hour before

school is in session for not less than 30 minutes but no more than 1 hour after school is in session and (2) during school lunch periods when students are allowed to leave the school. §257.627a(2)

If to attend classes, schoolchildren must cross a state highway with a speed limit ≥35 mph, the State Transportation Commission, at the request of school authorities and based upon traffic engineering studies, may reduce the speed limit at designated school crossing zones. §257.627a(5)

If the street in the school zone has a sidewalk on at least one side, the speed limit in the zone may be established at not less than 15 mph below the regularly posted speed limit. In no situation shall the limit be established at less than 25 mph.

§257.627(a)(6) 

  • Local authorities may also increase the prima facie speed limits within their jurisdictions. However, there is a prima facie speed limit outside either a business or residential district that shall not be less than 25 MPH. A prima facie speed limit of not less than 15 MPH may be established for publicly owned parks or playgrounds. §257.629(1) & (4)
  • A municipal government may establish speed limits on the properties of any board of education, school district, or community college district located within its jurisdiction. §257.961
  • When a state of emergency exists, the governor may reduce the speed limit on any street, highway, or freeway via executive order. §257.629b

The limitations and information shared above are available in the summary of traffic regulations per state file.

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Disclaimer

The article that you have read is based on general applications of the law. It is not legal advice and it is not to be construed as any legal consultation with the firm. No client-attorney relationship is created when you read the articles we have provided.

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